Showing posts with label Herpes. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Herpes. Show all posts

How do you prevent Herpes?

You can take care to help to prevent and avoid getting genital herpes or any other sexually transmitted infection.
  • Safe sex
  • Use condoms 
  • Take antiviral medicine 
  • Take care during pregnancy
  • Ask your doctor if you have been suffered to genital herpes or have had an outbreak in the past.
  • Eat viral fighting foods like apple, pears, figs, apricots, mangoes.
  • Eat vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, potatoes, beans. beats.
  • Herpes blisters can be related to an imbalance of the acid-base relationship so that drinking more lemon water and reducing caffeine can help to improve your alkaline pH levels which tone down the nasty effects of an acidic pH.
  • Wash your hands after using the bathroom or having any contact with blisters or sores. 
Notes: Last point is especially important for people who is caring for babies?

Acidic foods to avoid :
  • Junk and processed food 
  • Caffeine
  • Alcohol 
  • Added sugar 
  • Excessive red meat consumption
Home treatment :
  • Take warm sitz baths or wash the area with warm water 3 or 4 times a day.
  • Keep the sores clean and dry.
  • Using a hairdryer to dry off the sores may be more comfortable than using a towel.
  • Wear cotton underpants so that it can absorb moisture better than those made from synthetic material. 

Herpes virus | Types | Symptoms | Cause | Diagnosis

The herpes simplex virus is also known as HSV is a contagious virus too. Because of infection of HSV virus causes herpes. 
Herpes can appear in various parts of the body. There is mainly two types of herpes simplex virus.

  1. HSV-1
  2. HSV-2
HSV-1 also known as oral herpes, this type of virus can cause cold sores and fever. and it mostly appears around the mouth and face.
Children will often contract HSV-1 from early contact with an infected adult. 
Oral herpes involves the face or mouth. It may result in small blisters in a group often called fever blister or cold sore. 

The HSV-2 virus is generally responsible for genital herpes outbreaks.
Genital herpes simply is known as herpes may have minimal symptoms or form a blister that breaks open and results lead to small ulcers too.

They both are transmitted by direct contact with body fluids or lesions of an infected individual. Transmission may still occur when symptoms are not present.

Worldwide rates of either HSV-1 or HSV-2 are between 60% and 95% in adults. HSV-1 is usually acquired during childhood.

Herpes facts everyone should know

Key facts about herpes :

  • The herpes simplex virus is mainly two types HSV-1 & HSV-2.
  • HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral-to-oral contact to cause oral herpes but can also cause genital herpes. 
  • HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted infection that causes genital herpes.
  • Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are lifelong.
  • An estimated 3.7 billion people under age 50 have HSV-1 infection globally.
  • An estimated 417 million people worldwide aged between 15 to 49 have HSV-2 infection.
  • Most oral and genital herpes infections are asymptomatic.
  • Symptoms of herpes include painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection.
  • Infection with HSV-2 increases the risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection.
  • The herpes virus can be passed on when there are no symptoms present in the body.
  • Daily medication can prevent recurrences of the herpes virus and reduce the risk of transmission to partners.
  • Herpes is not present in the blood. People with genital herpes can still donate blood. Genital herpes is only passed through direct skin-to-skin contact or both orally and genitally.
  • Once you have herpes at one site, it is rare to then get the same type at another site. This is because your body develops antibodies which prevent this from happening.

What antibodies are there for Herpes?

When you can see the herpes symptoms, the immune system responds by developing antibodies to fight the virus-like IgG and IgM. 

Blood tests can look for and detect these antibodies, as the virus itself is not in blood. 
IgG appears soon after infection and stays in the blood for life. 

IgM is actually the first antibody that appears after infection, but it may disappear thereafter.

The testing methods for HSV-1 and HSV-2 include:
  • Direct fluorescent antibody (DFA)
  • Immunoblot (IgG)
  • Culture and Typing (ELVIS®)
  • Culture Without Typing
  • Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) 
  • IgM and Type-Specific IgG
  • Chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA)
  • DNA Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)

List of Cream used for Herpes

Acyclovir topical will not cure or prevent herpes, but it can lessen the symptoms of the infection. 

Acyclovir cream is used to treat cold sores. 
Acyclovir ointment is used to treat genital herpes lesions.

Nanocrystalline Silver Gel will also lessen your herpes infection and make your infected area cool.

Calamine Lotion will also help you to lessen your etching and keep your blisters cold.

What are the symptoms for Herpes?

Most common symptoms of herpes :

  • Sores, Blisters or Ulcers
  • Inside or around the anus 
  • Urination in trouble or painful urination 
  • Meningitis 
  • Encephalitis
  • Eye infection 
  • Eczema herpetiform 
  • Fever
  • Headache 
  • Tiredness
  • Full body aches
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal itch
Primary stage :

In a primary stage usually starts 2 to 8 days after you are infected, but it can take much longer time to begin. Usually, the infection causes groups of small, painful, itching blisters. The fluid in the blisters may be clear or yellow. The area under the blisters will be red. This type of blister you may not see before. The blister break opens so easily that they quickly become open sores. 

Out of that having tender blisters or sores in your genital area, it may hurt to urinate. You may run a fever. While most people have a painful primary stage of this infection, on the other hand, some don't have any symptoms at all. They do not even know that they are infected. 

Latent stage :

In a latent stage, there are no blisters, sores or other symptoms of herpes. At this stage time, the herpes virus is travelling from your skin into the nerves near to your spine.

Shedding stage :

In the shedding stage, the virus starts multiplying in the nerve endings. It the affected nerve endings are in areas of the body that make or are in contact with body fluids, the virus can get into those body fluids such as saliva, semen. There are no symptoms during this stage, but the virus may be spread during this time.